Difference Between Monofilament And Fluorocarbon

Many a beginner angler is faced with the problem of selecting the best fishing line. The fact that you have various fishing lines available in the market further confounds the newbie. You can choose the one that works for you from the common types available in the market, like the monofilament, fluorocarbon, and braided lines.

But which one is best for you? Each of these lines has different uses. You don’t have one choice that fits all. While most anglers understand the braided line well, the other two are always up for debate. This section will try to demystify the two most commonly misunderstood fishing lines- the monofilament and the fluorocarbon.

Monofilament lines

Monofilament lines

Monofilament Fishing Lines: Durable, Strong, and Built to Last.

The Monofilament is made up of a single strand of nylon. Different types of nylon are blended by manufacturers to give you varying degrees of attributes such as strength, abrasion resistance, stretch, and density.

Let us take a look at some of its attributes-

  • It has less density than water and hence, it floats.
  • Water can permeate the line and over time, the line tends to lose its strength.
  • These lines can stretch. It comes in handy to absorb the shock of a strike.
  • Due to their stretchiness, these lines are less sensitive.
  • These lines are opaque but available in a wide range of colors.
  • The knots are stronger and easier to tie.


  • It is great for fishing a topwater bait that floats. This is because its less dense nature makes the line float on water.
  • It is perfect for treble-hooked lures like lipless crankbaits and diving. Their stretchiness makes it easier to land the tough fighters.
  • It improves hook-ups in cold weather conditions as the hook remains snagged in the mouth for that extra second longer.
  • A monofilament leader is indispensable when worm fishing a Texas or a Carolina rig with fluorocarbon or braided line. It can hold the rig slightly raised off the bottom which may result in more strikes.

Fluorocarbon lines

Fluorocarbon lines

Fluorocarbon lines that are virtually invisible in the water, giving you the edge over your prey.

Fluorocarbons lines are made from a family of compounds that include fluorine, chlorine, and carbon. Like the monofilament, they are also a single strandline.

Some of its attributes are-

  • It is denser than water and sinks easily.
  • Water cannot permeate it and so remains strong and is longer lasting.
  • This line is more sensitive as it does not stretch.
  • It is resistant to abrasion.
  • It allows light to pass through and is almost invisible in water.
  • You need to wet it in water for tying a strong knot.


  • The preferred choice for skittish fish because the line is almost invisible.
  • Its low stretchiness and hook-setting power make it a good alternative for a braided line when flipping.
  • When you desire sensitivity and when braided lines are not an option.
  • A good substitute for a braided line in clear water due to its relative invisibility. Great for skittish fish.

General observations

Both these types of lines come into their own in different conditions and while fishing for different types of fish. For the beginner angler though, the following can observations can be helpful-

Casting ease

The monofilament lines are easier to cast and do not tangle. The fluorocarbon lines, on the other hand, need a certain degree of proficiency for accurate and tangle-free casting. If you are new to fishing, it is recommended to go for monofilament lines. You can move to other kinds of lines after getting some practice.


The fluorocarbon lines are more expensive of the two. But the high cost is somewhat offset due to its other advantages like abrasion resistance and durability.


The fluorocarbon line is prone to backlashing while casting. Due to this, it is unsuitable for newbie anglers. The resulting tangle due to backlashing may make the line unusable. Since it is costlier, this trait can make it expensive for the newbie.

The monofilament line, on the other hand, is more forgiving. In case the line becomes unusable, its lesser cost makes it dispensable.

Check Out Types Of Reels: Different Types Of Fishing Reels.

Our verdict

Monofilaments were in use for a long time before the other lines came into the market. Fishermen used it to catch different kinds of fish in various conditions. They are one of the most commonly used lines by fishing enthusiasts around the world.

Fluorocarbon lines are relatively recent. They are getting extremely popular due to their various inherent benefits. Still, you will find experienced fishermen using both these types of lines. It pays to understand that the fluorocarbons are a good substitute for the braided lines in certain scenarios.

Despite their disadvantages when compared to the fluorocarbon lines, the monofilaments are frequently used, when the condition warrants. They are often used in conjunction with braided or fluorocarbon lines for their ability to float and stretchiness.

They are the preferred choice while fishing in muddy waters. For a newbie, it is recommended to use the monofilaments. It is easy to cast, less expensive and is forgiving. When you get more experienced, you can follow the policy of ‘horses for courses’.

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